International Mountains Day…Voice of Mountains
ڏونگر ڀونين ڪير۔۔۔
By Noor Ahmed Janjhi
Mountains are just tip of iceberg of the tectonic plates lying at the core of earth.
surface. Tectonic plates being pieces of Earth’s crust and uppermost mantle, together referred to as the lithosphere. The plates are around 100 km (62 mi) thick and consist of two principal types of material: oceanic crust (also called sima from silicon and magnesium) and continental crust (sial from silicon and aluminium). The composition of the two types of crust differs markedly, with mafic basaltic rocks dominating oceanic crust, while continental crust consists principally of lower-density felsic granitic rocks. The plates make the globe stable. Major plates are: African Plate, Antarctic Plate, Eurasian Plate, Indo-Australian Plate, North American Plate, Pacific Plate, and South American Plate. Besides these plates, there are minor and microplates too.
All the continents are on such plates. The topography of the globe demonstrates the mountains. There are 108 highest mountains on Earth with elevation of 7200 meters (23622 ft) or great or above sea level. The most highest peaks are, 1. Mt Everest (29029 ft), 2. K2 (28251 ft) and 3. Kanchenjunga (28169 ft). The mountains are riveting through earth and do stabilize the globe. That is why, Shah Latif Bhittai has called mountains as the rivets on earth in his poetry.
بيتڏونگر ڀونين ڪير سڄڻ ميخون ڏونگريناهڙا سيڻ سڌير ڪين لهندئين ڪي ٻيا
(Mountains are rivets for earth and beloved rivets the mountains. You may not find such enlightened friends at all)
Sindh is equipped with the beautiful terrain of Kirthar Range embracing in the west and with the Pearl of Parkar… Karoonjhar Range in the south. Karoonjhar, being a treasure trove of range Flora and fauna, is a center of 108 water springs, some of them being perennial irrigate the vegetation bed of the mountain. It’s perennial springs of Sardhro and Anchlas are also ancient religious sites, where many people gather to celebrate annual festivities attended by men, women and children. The range has more than hundred peaks spread through the area. The most highest peak of Karoonjhar is called Trywhit’s Platform after the name of the British political superintendent of Thar and Parkar. It is about 1000 ft high. The mountain is rich in myths and legends. Some of them are very old and associated with the battle between Koruvs and Panduvs. It is said that some of the Ponduvs had taken refuge here and the mountain keeps their memory in shape of Bhim Knee. Gaumukhi, Arjun’s Arrow and Mirghi Kund are some important points. The rock formation is precambrean. The mountain is mainspring of some sixteen streams irrigating entire Parkar. The mountain is a gem of nature and none can forget it who sees its its glimpse for a while. Kavi Chandiram has said
,ڪارونجهر ني ڪور مريئي تو ميليئي نهينماٿي ٽھوڪي مور ڏونگر لاگي ڏيپتو
(one cannot forget the terrain of Karoonjhar by the death. It seems lights and lights when peacock makes cries through it)